“Longing for a child can be acutely painful. When an individual is same-sex attracted, there is no natural possibility of forming a family that is genetically related to both parents. Against such longing, a normophilic case against gamete donation and surrogacy may seem callous. But acknowledging adult pain and longing does not legitimize shifting that burden of pain and longing to a child, by imposing on him or her the identity confusion faced by donor-conceived children, or the mother-loss inextricable from surrogacy.” – Mary Harrington